The Visiting Scholar category only applies to senior, established scholars who are using university facilities at the invitation of a Stanford faculty member.
Visiting Scholars meeting eligibility guidelines as defined in the Research Policy Handbook at section 10.5 must enter the US using the J-1 program.
Postdocs are considered advanced students who are conducting research under the supervision of a Stanford faculty member. For more information, please see section 10.3 of the Research Policy Handbook. The Office of Postdoctoral Affairs determines the Visa categories for Postdoctoral Scholars.
There are a limited number of instances when it would be to the benefit of Stanford faculty to permit graduate students who have not yet attained the PhD to engage in research on the Stanford campus using Stanford research facilities. These arrangements are defined in section 10.7 of the Research Policy Handbook. Such students must come to Stanford in J-1 status.
Staff refers to non-faculty, non-postdoc, non-academic staff positions. This includes the Life Science Research Professional series as well as programmers, the bargaining unit and a few specialized administrative positions.
In general, in order to be eligible for an H-1B, these positions must be exempt, qualify as a Specialty Occupation, and, furthermore, require at least a Bachelor's degree or higher as defined by Human Resources.
Faculty who are hired to teach courses in the university’s curriculum are considered employees, and will be in H-1 status. Visiting Scholars with the title of “Visiting Professor” whose activities do not include a teaching appointment will be in J-1 status.
Tenure line faculty, lecturers and others with teaching appointments are considered employees and will use H-1 status.
Faculty with patient care responsibilities must use H-1 or O-1 status, and must hold a California medical license or exemption at the time the petition is submitted.
Recent graduates in F-1 status may receive authorization from Homeland Security for a period of employment authorization as training. Employing departments are responsible for application materials and periodic progress reports.
Recent graduates in J-1 status may receive authorization from their sponsor for a period of employment authorization as training.
TN status may be granted by Customs and Border Protection to Canadian and Mexican citizens for temporary employment consistent with the occupations defined in the North American Free Trade Act. (Mexican citizens must apply for an entry visa from the US Department of State.) Physicians may not have patient care responsibilities.
E-3 status may be granted by Customs and Border Protection upon presentation of a valid E-3 entry visa.